5. What Is the Material Used in a Reflective Safety Vest?
The reflective safety vest should be made of a fluorescent color such as yellow, orange-red, or red to ensure visibility during the day.
Different material lists based on the usage during the day and the night are as follows.
The brightening factor of the color used as the reflective apparel backdrop material and minimum values for the brightness factor are specified in EN ISO 20471.
It is another high-in-use material because it is the most crucial qualitative feature of retroreflective materials.
Retroreflective materials must exceed the coefficient of retroreflection in providing adequate protection during usage. These materials comply with the EN ISO 20471 certificate. Even after maintenance cycles, abrasion, bending, cold folding, and rainstorm influence.
These tests are frequently carried out as part of the certification procedure for retroreflective materials per the EN ISO 20471 certification.
Figure 6 Retroreflective Material for Safety Vests
The combined-performance materials meet the requirements for both backdrop and retroreflective materials (visible during the day), ensuring visibility during the night. They have significantly higher effectiveness and ensure that the worker is more visible.
Material Based Classification
The classification of the reflective safety vest depends upon the type of colors being used. it is designated as
The reflective properties in the reflective tape and the intensity of the colors used in the safety vest comply with the ANSI standards.
Your staff needs to be more visible the more dangerous your workplace is.
Figure 7 Variable Reflective Safety Vests
Class 1 Reflective Safety Vest
Workers in low-impact environments can wear the reflective safety Class 1 vests.
It includes regions where the speed limit is not higher than 25 m/h. Workers should be stationed safely away from the traffic to avoid injury.
Parking attendants, delivery vehicles, and roadside assistance employees often wear Class 1 vests in low-traffic regions.
The Reflective tape on the class 1 safety vest should cover at least 155 square inches. Reflective tape is available in two sizes: 6 feet of 2-inch tape and 9 feet of 1 3/8 inches tape.
The reflective stripes should be in a 360-degree strip across the center and above each shoulder. A solid yellow or orange color should also be present on these vests.
Figure 8 Class 1 Reflective Safety Vest
Reflective Safety Vest Class 2
Workers who work in high-traffic regions or low-visibility locations must wear reflective safety vest class 2.
The weather may decrease visibility in certain regions, and traffic speed can increase up to 30 m/h. Workers have been stationed at a safe distance from oncoming vehicles. Airport personnel, massive parking areas, forest workers, and toll booth operators all wear Class 2 vests.
The reflective tape must cover at least 201 square inches on Class 2 vests.
Reflective tape comes in two sizes: 8 feet of 2-inch tape and 12 feet of 1 3/8 inches tape.
You should wear reflective stripes over the shoulders and across the middle in one or two 360-degree horizontal lines.
Figure 9 Class 2 Reflective Safety Vests
Class 3 Reflective Safety Vest
Employees working at railway stations, inspectors working at sites, emergency rescuers, and utility crews wear Class 3 vests. It is because they work in high-traffic locations.
In these regions, traffic speeds may approach or surpass 50 mph. Workers sometimes operate on the road or in some potentially dangerous situations. So, they should be as visible as possible to avoid injury.
The reflective tape on these vests is 300 square inches, 12 feet, and 2 inches wide.
It includes the need for the worker to have a complete silhouette outline. Approaching headlights make the presence of a person straightforward.
It means arm and luminous leg materials significantly exceed the Class 1 and 2 reflective safety vests requirements.
Figure 10 Reflective Tapes for Vests